How Long Ducks Live?

duck lifespan

How long do ducks live depends on many factors. However, an average duck lifespan is between 5 to 10 years, depending on the breed. For some duck breeds, the average lifespan is around 20 years. 

Along with some natural factors as well as human-controlled factors like environment, housing, and nutrition, duck lifespan can be improved. 

Fact:- the oldest duck that ever lived was 22 years old, named Edwina.

Which duck breed lives the longest?

Pekin duck breed holds the record for longest lifespan; however, many owners also report Muscovy ducks also have a long lifespan.

Duck lifespan by breed

  • Pekin – 5-10 years
  • Call – 7-10 years
  • Indian Runner – 8-12 years
  • Khaki Campbell – 8-10 years
  • Mallard- 8-10 years

How long do Pekin ducks live?

Pekin ducks are also known as white ducks and live for about 5-10 years. Some owners also report that Perkins sometimes also lives for 20 years. However, 5-10 years is a normal duck lifespan.

How long do call ducks live?

Call ducks are small in size as compared to white ducks and live between 7-10 years on average. 

Factors that affect how long a duck lives?

There are many factors that can affect how long do ducks live in homesteads. While the environment in every homestead, there are some common areas where attention and care significantly contribute to extending duck lifespan.

Duck nutrition

In addition to feeding them the right food, it is also important to know the right time to feed them. Ducks follow different feeding times depending on their development and age. Keeping this in mind, it is essential to ensure optimal nutrition.

Ducklings need to be fed duck starter. Duck starter is a special mixture made specifically for young birds to deliver balanced nutrition. When they get about one month old, you can feed the ducks grower.

As the name suggests, a grower helps in providing extra nutrition to fuel fast growth to ducks in different stages of life. After a few months, you can move the duck onto something with lower protein to ensure proper weight along with healthy development.

It is essential to feed a lot of greens. The ducks will clear the weeds and keep grass trims if you have them moving around freely. This maintains their energy levels along with vitamin levels. You can also feed them clean vegetable peels every now and then as an effective booster.

Ensuring adequate supply to ducks is also essential to give them a long lifespan, as this helps in easy digestion of the food they might have eaten elsewhere on their travels around the home.

The last thing is to ensure that your ducks have an adequate supply to clean water. Anyone who owns a duck knows how they like to paddle and play in the water. If you put out one bowl of water, you will have to fill it plenty of times in a day. Instead, you should supply fresh water at least twice a day and make sure to serve it in a deep enough container to let them submerge their heads completely.

Duck housing

If you want your ducks to live long, make sure to provide them safe shelter to live in and sleep. This part is equally important as feeding them nutritious foods. As ducks are low-maintenance birds, you need minimal focusing for your flock depending on weather and location.

Ducks like to huddle together when sleeping, so in a single house of 12-18square feet, 4-6 ducks can sleep. If your backyard duck house has one side opening, make sure it is facing away from wind direction or have closed if the weather is very bad.

Duck houses should be good enough to protect from predators. Foxes can dig under fencing and chew thin wood paneling, making sure that the duck house is protected enough for the long lifespan of ducks.

Another important thing is to keep your duck house clean. Nobody likes to get rid of pet poops; however, it is very necessary to prevent any diseases and pests at bay.

Duck wellbeing

Like other animals, ducks need basic food, water, and shelter. As a duck owner, you have a responsibility towards the general well-being of your ducks. If you allow your ducks to roam free, they will keep them occupied all day happily.

If you like to keep your ducks in a tractor or coop, then make sure to give them time to move around. This will give them access to fresh grass and also change the scene leading to happiness and better health.

The general wellbeing of ducks also extends to veterinary care. Regular flock checkups ensure ducks have a long life. You can buy natural supplements to add water and food to combat illness and disease that negatively impacts duck lifespan.


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